Basic Emergency Preparedness

Emergencies such as outage or storm can occur at any time.  Following is a list of items that you should have in your home or car when the unexpected happens such as a power outage or storm surge:

Home Emergency Kit

  • Water: one gallon per person and your pet if you have one (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home)
  • Food: non-perishable, easy-to-prepare items (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home)
    • For prolonged power outages, keep your refrigerator and freezer full.  A full freezer will keeps foods safe for around 48 hours, 24 hours if half full.
    • You can keep foods safe by adding dry ice or bagged ice to your refrigerator and freezer. Fifty pounds of ice should keep an 18-cubic foot freezer at a safe temperature for a longer period. Tips for handling food following a disaster
  • Flashlight
  • Battery-powered or hand-crank radio (NOAA Weather Radio, if possible).
    • Preset your radio to 103.5 FM inside the beltway.
    • Preset your radio to 107.7FM outside the beltway in Virginia.
    • Preset your radio to 103.9 in Frederick, Maryland.
    • Listen to 103.5 on the phone by dialing 202-380-9977
  • Extra batteries for flashlights and smoke detectors
  • First aid kit
  • Medications(7-day supply) and medical items in case you can’t get to the store for refills.
  • Multi-purpose tool
  • Sanitation and personal hygiene items
  • Extra baby supplies – diapers and formula
  • Copies of personal documents
    • List of medications
    • Insurance Policies
    • Driver’s License
    • Birth certificates
    • Passports
    • Deed or lease to home
    • Rental Insurance
  • Cell phone with chargers
  • Family and emergency contact information
  • Keep a list of utility numbers handy if power goes out
  • Extra cash on hand in case the your bank’s ATM isn’t working during a power outage
  • Manual can opener
  • Extra blankets
  • Map(s) of the area
  • Whistle to signal for help

Car Emergency Kit

Make sure you have an emergency kit in your car. AAA recommends the following emergency kit to keep you and your family safe on the road:

  • Always drive with a full gas tank.
  • Cellphone and car charger
  • Blankets/sleeping bags
  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • First-aid kit
  • Drinking water
  • Jumper cables
  • Tool kit
  • Flares or orange triangles
  • Knife
  • Towels
  • High calorie, nonperishable food
  • Tool for breaking a window to escape a flood

Pet Emergency Kit

  • petkitAt least three days’  worth of food and plenty of extra water.
  • A leash and carrier.  A pet friendly shelter will require your animal to be leashed or crated.  The pet carrier should be large enough for the animal to stand up and turn around.
  • Pet identification.  Your pet should wear an identification tag, license and rabies tag.
  • Contact information and a photo of you and your pet.
  • Extra medication for your pet if necessary.
  • The pet’s immunization and medical records.

Utility Companies

Phone Companies